Re-entries are usually tranquil; Despite extreme speeds, fiery conditions outside, cockpit a place of calm

By Sherry Jacobson
Staff Writer

Page 12M

When it works the way it’s supposed to, re-entering Earth’s atmosphere is a quiet, even humbling experience for crew members aboard a U.S. space shuttle.

The long work of a shuttle mission is behind them, their objectives have been accomplished, and it’s time to go home.

Crew members are reduced to attentive passengers as computers glide the shuttle into Earth’s gravitational pull at speeds of up to 20,000 mph. Friction heats the exterior to 3,000 degrees Fahrenheit.

But inside, all is calm and quiet.

“It’s amazing, you’re in this fireball, but the thermal protection system is keeping it nice and cool inside,” Curt Brown, a former shuttle pilot who flew six shuttle missions for NASA, said Saturday.

“You’re weightless in orbit, and as you enter the atmosphere, it starts slowing you down, the drag,” he said. “You’ll feel a little deceleration from that drag hitting the outside of the orbiter. As you hit more and more air, you’ll get more and more drag.

“It’s very comfortable, it’s not very hard to withstand or anything,” said Mr. Brown, now a first officer with American Airlines.

‘Astonishingly smooth’

Astronaut Richard J. Hieb recalls mainly the peacefulness of the descent. He flew on Discovery in 1991, the maiden voyage of Endeavour in 1992, and Columbia in 1994.

“All of my entries were very smooth. Of course, you know if something goes wrong, something terrible is going to happen,” Mr. Hieb said. “The ride itself is astonishingly smooth and very quiet.”

Looking out the back window, the astronauts can see the plume of plasma, “as you come through the atmosphere, ripping air apart,” he said. The air becomes ionized, making it visible as plasma.

During the supersonic phase of re-entry, the crew sits upright, with computers handling the guidance, navigation and control of the flight. Once the shuttle slows to subsonic speed, the commanders take over control of the flight briefly before landing.

“They’re pretty fully occupied once you get down to subsonic speeds,” said Mr. Hieb, who is still an astronaut.

The g-forces on landing are much less than those “going uphill,” or taking off, he said, when the astronauts lie on their backs.

Despite the supersonic speeds of landing – more than 18 times the speed of sound – the astronauts feel only about 1.5 to 2 g’s of force, which comes on gradually. The crew members can move comfortably in their seats, Mr. Hieb said.

However, because they’re coming out of weightlessness, crew members can feel the effects more intensely. “On one entry, I was holding a camcorder. Pretty soon, it felt like it weighed a thousand pounds,” he said.

Crewmembers engage in mental, not physical, activity during the re-entry stage in which Columbia broke apart.

“Generally what’s happening is you’re just monitoring,” said James Bagian, who was a mission specialist on Columbia for a 1991 mission. “The pilot, the commander and a mission specialist would be on the flight deck, monitoring the computer displays.”

The commander would usually retake manual control of the shuttle only for the final few minutes before landing, he said.

The rest of the shuttle personnel would be back in the midbay, essentially biding their time. “Typically, there’s not a lot for them to do at that point – just listening to radio chatter and sitting there, waiting to land,” Dr. Bagian said.

“It could have been that whatever failed, failed so abruptly that there wouldn’t have been any time for the crew to react,” he said. Columbia’s fuel cells were in the midbody, so once that part broke away from the rest of the shuttle, the flight deck would have lost all power, he said.

The crew was probably doing what they had trained to do hundreds of times in simulation.

“At that altitude, you don’t hear too much yet,” Dr. Bagian said. “You’re not in the thick part of the atmosphere. You get some air-rush noise, like the air around your car when you’re driving, but that mostly comes later.

“You’re decelerating rapidly. Imagine putting on the brakes fairly hard in your car – except the sensation doesn’t go away after a second, the way it would in a car. It keeps going for minutes. You’re pressed against the straps.”

It’s one of the sensations astronauts can’t really train for on Earth: the first minutes after a lengthy stretch of zero gravity, when bodies readjust to gravity.

NASA conditions astronauts for that moment of re-entry by tilting its flight simulators forward so astronauts hang inside their protective straps, said Dr. Bagian, who is now director of the Department of Veterans Affairs’ National Center for Patient Safety.

“Forty minutes before, you were weightless. Now suddenly, things weigh something,” he said. “Your checklist sits in your lap instead of floating around.”

Turns slow things down

The shuttle nose tilts up during re-entry, but the shuttle makes S-turns on its final path to Earth to bleed off excess speed before landing. The shuttle banks as it turns, and astronauts get to see the Earth a few times before landing.

“It was a very clear day, so I’m sure they were looking down at Earth,” Dr. Bagian said of the Columbia crew. “It’s not like being in space. The day before, they were 200 miles high. Now they’re down to 40 miles high.”

Charles “Sam” Gemar, a mission specialist on a 1994 Columbia mission, said it was probably too soon in Columbia’s descent for the crew to celebrate mission’s end.

“The crew is fairly focused on monitoring,” he said. “It’s still very businesslike on the flight deck. The most critical phase of that flight is not done. It’s not over until you’re off that vehicle.

“There’s no revelry yet. You recognize the awesome responsibility you have.”

Staff writers Joshua Benton, Katie Fairbank and Aline McKenzie contributed to this report.

Cheap Date: This date serves up burgers, games

By Joshua Benton
Staff Writer

Page 1C

A wise man once said it’s better to be insulted at the start of a date than the end.

So we start our evening out at Goff’s, the famed burger joint on Lovers Lane. Proprietor Harvey Gough has made a decades-long shtick out of being nasty to his customers. Alas, on the night we try out this Cheap Date, Harvey is nowhere to be found, but the staff makes up for it by ordering us to have the Deal (a combination burger/hot dog) for me, the Saladburger for her.

While the silverware may not meet your standards – “That fork’s been here 20 years,” the guy behind the counter points out – the beef’s divine. And where else in Dallas can you dine 10 feet from a statue of Lenin?

A key Goff’s feature of note to Cheap Date aficionados: The cup you’re handed when you ask for the free water comes filled with crushed ice, not the lesser huge cubes of other establishments. And the foot-operated water fountain is always available for rapid refills.

Next, we head up to Carrollton to Nickel Mania, one of several nickel arcades in the area. For less than nine bucks, you get admission for two and 100 nickels to dump into arcade games you’ll remember from the 1970s. Sure, some of the games are only a half-notch above Pong – but since when is that a bad thing?

WARNING: You may feel intense shame if your date whups up on you in every game.

INSIDER HINT: Play Spider Stompin’ on the easy setting if you want to earn tons of tickets. Then turn those tickets into kitsch. I am now the owner of a blue apple-shaped pinky ring, a plastic green scorpion and one eye patch deemed “sexy” by my companion.

A quick hop down the Tollway back to Lovers Lane brings you to The Lounge, the bar attached to the Inwood Theatre. Aside from a cozy atmosphere and well-poured drinks, The Lounge offers an evening bonus. From the seats at a pair of two-seat tables in the back room, you can peer into the Inwood’s ground-floor theater and watch whatever movie is playing. (And since it’s the arty Inwood, the fact you can’t hear the movie usually doesn’t matter – you can read the subtitles.)

ONE PIECE OF ADVICE: Check the movie listings before setting out. The night we go, the midnight film is Flesh Gordon, the 1970s soft-porn classic. The Dallas Morning News cannot be held responsible for your date’s reaction.

The Bottom Line

WHAT: Burgers, nickel games and movie spies.

WHERE:

Goff’s, 5702 Lovers Lane, Dallas, 214-351-3336. Burgers with a side of venom.

Nickel Mania, 2661 Midway, Carrollton, 972-713-9500. When you can’t spare a quarter.

The Lounge, 5458 Lovers Lane, Dallas, 214-350-7834. Drinks and movie hijinks.

THE TAB: $28.65

THE SCORE: Worth your spare change.

Once every 40 years, Tigers stalk Longhorns in Cotton; ‘It was pre-assassination, pre-Vietnam, pre-everything’ the last time Texas and LSU clashed in football

By Joshua Benton
Staff Writer

Page 1A

There is no Sabine River Shootout. No Battle for the Old Crawfish Tail, no Toledo Bend Tussle.

Texas and Louisiana may share a 250-mile border, but their flagship universities haven’t shared much of a football rivalry.

On Wednesday, Louisiana State and Texas will battle in the SBC Cotton Bowl – 40 years to the day after their last meeting, in the bowl’s 1963 edition.

“It doesn’t make sense,” said Jimmy Field, LSU’s starting quarterback for that 1963 game and scorer of the game’s only touchdown. “Austin’s a great place to play, and Baton Rouge’s a great place to play. It shouldn’t have taken 40 years.”

Dallas was a different place back then. “It was pre-assassination, pre-Vietnam, pre-everything,” said Tom Sullivan, a Dallas retiree who played the euphonium in the LSU marching band that year.

For the LSU students who traveled to Dallas that year, the biggest difference might have been the drinking age: 21 in Texas, 18 in Louisiana. “We were used to being able to drink if you could reach the bar,” he said.

Mr. Sullivan remembers his band director, a Chicago native, had gotten his squad a new set of heavy wool band uniforms.

“We complained – in south Louisiana, even in the dead of winter, you’d never wear wool,” he said. “We sweat like hogs all season.” Until the bitter cold of the Cotton Bowl: “For once, we appreciated having those uniforms.”

The Tigers used a smash-mouth running offense like most teams of their era. The team had completed only 40 passes in 10 games that season.

“But we realized after watching film that it’d be very hard to run on the Longhorns,” said Mr. Field, now a Louisiana public service commissioner.

Going to the air

The Tigers unleashed what, for the time, was a high-powered aerial attack. Quarterbacks Lynn Amedee and Mr. Field were 13-of-21 for 133 yards.

The tide turned against the Longhorns just after halftime, when Texas fumbled the opening kickoff. Mr. Amedee recovered, and a few plays later, Mr. Field ran in from 22 yards for the game’s only touchdown. The final score: 13-0. Mr. Amedee, who also kicked two field goals, was named MVP.

Texas recovered nicely from the loss: The Longhorns won the national championship the next year.

But that was the last time the two teams played. Theories differ on why.

Texas already had strong rivalries with Oklahoma and Texas A&M. LSU’s top rivals have traditionally been Tulane and Ole Miss.

When LSU has played a Texas school, it’s usually been Texas A&M (49 games) or Rice (55 games).

“I think Louisiana has more ties to A&M than to Texas,” said Mr. Amedee, who would later be an assistant coach at Texas, Texas A&M and LSU. “With all the oil fields, there’s a bunch of Aggies in Louisiana. People would get fired up about A&M.” As for Rice, “the closeness to Houston was big for our fans.”

Tight schedules and other issues make negotiating out-of-conference road games between the two teams difficult.

So Texas-LSU border battles will continue to be played out where they most often are today: in the living rooms of high school kids. The two can compete fiercely for recruits, particularly at schools close to the border. Shreveport’s Evangel Christian Academy, a perennial power, will have five players represented in Wednesday’s Cotton Bowl: three Longhorns and two Tigers.

The Tigers returned to the Cotton Bowl once more after 1963. In 1966, an unranked LSU squad shocked No. 2 Arkansas, 14-7.

LSU thought it was headed for another invite in 1969, when the team ran out to a 9-1 record. Louisiana mythology maintains that the Tigers were promised a spot in that year’s Cotton Bowl against the undefeated Longhorns.

Irish interception

But 1969 was the year that Notre Dame decided to end its 45-year absence from postseason play. The Irish, 8-1-1 and led by future pro Joe Theismann, proved a powerful lure for Cotton officials, who brought them to Dallas instead.

Texas ended up beating Notre Dame, 21-17, to claim its second national championship. There weren’t as many bowl games back then, and LSU ended up staying home without a postseason game.

“They left LSU out in the cold,” said New Orleans investment manager Francis Cazayoux, one of several Tiger fans who e-mailed Cotton Bowl officials encouraging them to pick LSU this year. (His e-mail was blunt: “We have not forgotten 1969.”)

Cotton officials insist there was no ill will.

“I would certainly take exception to anyone implying there was anything improper,” said John Scovell, past chairman of the bowl’s board of directors. “If there was one defining game for the Cotton Bowl, it was that one. If there was a Baton Rouge Bowl and it had the chance to have Texas and Notre Dame playing, they would have done the same thing.”

Mr. Scovell said Cotton Bowl officials were “all flabbergasted” when they realized it had been 37 years since LSU’s last visit.

“We think of LSU in the same category as we do the University of Texas – as a premier athletic program,” he said.

It certainly hasn’t hurt ticket sales to have the Tigers in the game. LSU’s batch of 7,700 tickets sold out in less than 12 hours, and an earlier set of 12,000 tickets were quickly snapped up by season ticket holders.

“There’s a real sense of excitement about LSU being here,” Mr. Scovell said. “There’s a buzz around town. I think the hotel’s going to be hopping when the alumni start showing up.”

Captain dies after fighting blaze; Officials suspect he had massive heart attack

By Joshua Benton and Tiara M. Ellis
Staff Writers

Page 35A

A Dallas fire captain died Thursday after he helped fight a house fire in Far North Dallas.

Capt. Michael L. DePauw, 51, was rushed to Medical City Dallas Hospital as CPR was administered. He was pronounced dead at the hospital at 9:04 p.m.

Fire officials said that they suspect Capt. DePauw suffered a massive heart attack but that they will continue to investigate.

No one else was hurt in the fire, which was reported about 8 p.m.

The fire broke out in a two-story home in the 6700 block of Briar Cove Drive, and officials said Capt. DePauw was among the first to reach the second floor to battle the blaze in the attic.

Flames were shooting through the roof, but the fire was quickly brought under control. Damage was estimated at $150,000.

Fire Lt. Doug Dickerson said some of the 40 firefighters shifted their energies to helping the captain once his condition was known.

“That always is the focus when one of your own is felled,” he said.

Capt. DePauw had been with the department since March 1972 and worked at the station at Belt Line and Hillcrest roads.

Up to 20 of his comrades and friends stood near the hospital’s emergency room entrance, hugging and consoling one another.

When Mr. DePauw’s wife arrived at the hospital, firefighters lined the walkway, many with their hands crossed behind their backs.

Dallas Fire Chief Steve Abraira joined the vigil.

“Unfortunately, losing anybody is a tragedy in our minds,” he said. “It really hurts us. We consider every one of us a big family.”

GOP’s Hensarling wins; area incumbents sweep

By Joshua Benton
Staff Writer

Page 26A

Republican businessman Jeb Hensarling defeated Democrat Ron Chapman in the contentious race to represent the 5th District in the U.S. House, and incumbents of both parties swept to easy victories across North Texas on Tuesday.

Mr. Hensarling topped Mr. Chapman, a retired judge, by a comfortable margin, with Green Party candidate Tom Kemper and Libertarian Dan Michalski trailing far behind.

The district was one of two Dallas-area races not featuring an incumbent, and it was considered the region’s most competitive contest. In the other race, obstetrician Michael Burgess easily won the seat being vacated by Rep. Dick Armey.

The 5th District stretches across 11 counties, from southern Dallas County south to Athens and points beyond.

Mr. Hensarling said his victory reflects the region’s backing of President Bush.

“This district is conservative and I’m a conservative,” he said. “They knew that I’m a guy who wakes every morning to see what I can do to help the president.”

Mr. Chapman, a visiting state district judge, says he has no plans to run for office again.

“I think I’m just going to leave that to young guys like Ron Kirk,” he said.

3rd District

Plano Republican Sam Johnson, who has represented the district since winning a special election in 1991, easily retained his seat, defeating Democrat Manny Molera and Libertarian John Davis. The district covers parts of Collin and northeastern Dallas counties.

4th District

Ralph Hall, a 79-year-old Democrat, easily turned back two challengers, Longview Republican John Graves and Plano Libertarian Barbara Robinson.

Mr. Hall said before the election that if voters returned him to Washington, this would probably be his final term. The district includes Sherman, Rockwall, Tyler, Longview and Kilgore. Mr. Hall said he was surprised by the margin of victory because work on Capitol Hill kept him from campaigning.

6th District

Incumbent Republican Joe Barton won another term, defeating Democrat Felix Alvarado, Libertarian Frank Brady and the Green Party’s B.J. Armstrong.

Mr. Barton has represented the district, which includes southeastern Tarrant County and all of Johnson, Ellis, Hill and Navarro counties, since 1985.

12th District

Former Fort Worth Mayor Kay Granger handily won re-election to her fourth congressional term. She defeated political newcomer Edward Hanson of Euless, a former Republican turned Libertarian.

“I’m thrilled,” said Ms. Granger, who was in Austin on Tuesday night. “I was surprised to have essentially one opponent. It gave me some time to campaign for some other candidates to make sure the House has some good people in it.”

Ms. Granger said that in her fourth term she would continue to focus on national security matters. Her district includes defense contractor Lockheed Martin, maker of the new Joint Strike Fighter. 24th District

Democrat Martin Frost won his 13th term, defeating Republican Mike Rivera Ortega and Libertarian Ken Ashby.

“I feel very good,” Mr. Frost said. “I’m very pleased with the margin. I ran a positive campaign, and I think people respond to that.”

Mr. Frost, chairman of the Democratic caucus, was closely monitoring the battle for control of the House on Tuesday evening. If the Democrats take control of the House, Mr. Frost would become House majority leader, with Rep. Dick Gephardt of Missouri moving up to speaker. If the Republicans maintain control of the House and Mr. Gephardt leaves Congress to run for president, Mr. Frost would be a candidate for minority leader.

26th District

Dr. Burgess, a Highland Village obstetrician, defeated Democrat Paul LeBon for the seat of the retiring Mr. Armey.

Mr. Armey, R-Flower Mound, announced his retirement barely three weeks before the election’s filing deadline. His son, former County Judge Scott Armey, ran for the Republican nomination but was defeated by Dr. Burgess in a runoff.

Dr. Burgess did not want to jump the gun and declare victory before most of the vote was in. “This is my first general election,” he said. “Let me savor it.”

30th District

Eddie Bernice Johnson, a Dallas Democrat, retained control of the historically Democratic district, defeating Republican Ron Bush and Libertarian Lance Flores.

Ms. Johnson enjoyed national exposure during her last term as chairwoman of the Black Congressional Caucus. She has represented the district since 1992.

32nd District

Pete Sessions was elected to his fourth term in Congress, but his first in the newly drawn 32nd District. Mr. Sessions defeated Democrat Pauline Dixon.

The district includes East Dallas, North Dallas and northwest Dallas, the Park Cities and some northern suburbs within Dallas County. Mr. Sessions had served three terms representing the sprawling 5th District, but chose to run in the new district because it was more convenient to traverse. He lives just outside the district borders.

Statewide

Before Tuesday’s elections, the Dallas-Fort Worth area was represented by five Republicans and three Democrats. With Mr. Hensarling’s victory in the 5th District, those totals change to six Republicans and three Democrats.

Across Texas, only two incumbents appeared to be at risk of losing office. Waco Democrat Chet Edwards was locked in a close race with Republican Ramsey Farley of Temple. In South Texas, incumbent Republican Henry Bonilla trailed Democrat Henry Cuellar.

Before the election, the Texas delegation included 17 Democrats and 13 Republicans. The state gained two new seats in Congress through redistricting caused by the 2000 census.

A bottle of pop, a crispy taco and thou; The challenge was to have a fun time on 30 bucks or less – and, boy, did we bingo!

By Joshua Benton
Staff Writer

Page 1C

Looking for some cheap thrills?

Thirty dollars can buy you and a date a whole day’s worth of them with a little imagination. And Texas Living is here to help with a new feature: Cheap Date, which will appear occasionally on Saturdays.

We’ll send our resident thrill seekers on a date that won’t leave them living on bologna sandwiches the rest of the week. Typically, the date will include food and as much entertainment as $30 can buy.

They’ll report back on the success of their date, detailing what they did and how much elements of the event cost.

Armed with their discoveries, we hope readers will find that a night out doesn’t have to set you back a day’s pay.

Feeling lucky

You know it’s been a good date if, at night’s end, you find yourself thinking: “Bingo!”

Well, why not get the magic word out of the way earlier in the evening? Start your Cheap Date at North Dallas Bingo. The warehouse setting provides endless people-watching opportunities – albeit a different sort than on Greenville or in Addison.

For a mere $6, you get an hour of B-12s and G-53s. At first, you’ll think the game requires only luck, not skill. But watch out, or you’ll end up promptly disqualified for marking up your cards incorrectly. Not that we’d know.

The crowd’s a bit younger than you’d imagine, and you’ll have great fun inventing “Behind the Music”-style back stories for your fellow patrons. And if you get thirsty, the water fountain’s free!

Alas, the bingo gods do not smile upon us, and we walk out without winnings. But keeping with the competitive theme, dinner is a Battle of the Taco Stands. We head up Gaston to my favorite, La Parrillada, and sample the walk-up carnitas. They’re nicely spiced at a buck a pop. We snag, appropriately, Mexican beverages – a Jarritos Mandarina soda and Topo Chico mineral water – at the convenience store next door.

My date prefers the work of Tacos Y Mas at Greenville and Ross. I won’t be swayed from my partisan fave, but I’ll admit her spot makes a nice meaty taco. Although, at $1.25 a piece, they’re downright pricey – that extra quarter can make all the difference on a Cheap Date.

Grab a beer at Ship’s Lounge across the street, then end the evening with one thing everyone can agree on … gelato from Paciugo in the West Village. A schmear of black cherry swirl could bring peace to the Middle East.

Have you gone on a fun Cheap Date lately? Give us your tips on where to go, what to try. Write Texas Living/Cheap Date, P.O. Box 655237, Dallas, TX 75265, fax 214-977-8321 or e-mail texasliving@dallasnews.com.

The Bottom Line
WHAT: Bingo mania and tacos at war
WHERE:
North Dallas Bingo, 7940 N. Central Expy., 214-360-9393. Now with video bingo!
La Parrillada, 7260 Gaston Ave., 214-327-5513. Best use of a dollar in Dallas.
Tacos Y Mas, 5419 Ross Ave., 214-824-8079. Just try to find better tacos in an Eckerd’s parking lot.
Ship’s Lounge, 1613 Greenville Ave., 214-823-0315. Insider hint: A pack of cards is free at the bar.
Paciugo, 3699 McKinney Ave., 214-219-2665. Completely calorie-free. Seriously.
THE TAB: $23.24
THE SCORE: Bingo!

Tornadoes hit area; Storms rip FW neighborhood, but no serious injuries reported

By Kim Horner and Nancy Calaway
Staff Writers

Page 1A

FORT WORTH – A band of severe storms sliced through East Fort Worth during Tuesday afternoon’s rush hour, spawning at least one tornado and smashing homes but causing only minor injuries.

Tornadoes touched down in at least three places in Tarrant County, officials reported, evoking fears and memories of the deadly storms that slammed downtown Fort Worth and parts of Arlington in March 2000. Tornadoes were also sighted in Ellis and Johnson counties.

As the evening progressed, it became clear that the damage would not match the severity of the 2000 storm. But the fierce winds and hard rains seemed no less threatening to those affected.

“The wind was howling. The house was shivering,” Corey Patrick said after he and 10 relatives waited out the storm under a mattress in their Felder Lane home. “Pieces of the fence fell off like dominoes.”

The twister ripped off part of the roof, but Mr. Patrick said he was just thankful that no one was injured. “This can always be replaced,” he said, pointing at his house. “But everyone’s all right, and that’s the main thing.”

About 30 Fort Worth homes and many businesses were damaged, city officials said, though sunset and downed power lines cut short damage assessments in some neighborhoods.

Six injuries were reported in Fort Worth, most of them in a 53-vehicle traffic accident caused by the weather. None of the injuries was considered life threatening.

After hitting Tarrant County, the storms moved northeast, across Irving, Richardson and Plano before exiting the Dallas-Fort Worth area.

Heavy rains caused localized flooding, and golf-ball-size hail damaged vehicles. But those areas saw none of the tornado activity that Fort Worth faced.

A southern wing of the same system hit Ellis and Johnson counties, with multiple tornado sightings but no significant damage. High winds overturned a tractor-trailer on Interstate 35E, damaged roofs and downed power lines, officials said.

Some of the worst damage was concentrated in Mr. Patrick’s Fort Worth neighborhood, near Loop 820 and Ramey Avenue, where dozens of homes and business were damaged.

Alton Wilkerson was driving through the area when the storm hit. He pulled over to wait it out, then watched the damage come: first, a chair whipped across Ramey, then a large tree toppled.

He was in the 6200 block when he saw the home in front of him disintegrate.

“I was going to seek cover and I couldn’t believe it, the house blew up right then,” Mr. Wilkerson said.

The homes still standing had varying degrees of damage, including missing patches of roofs and missing bricks from exterior walls.

Several people from the neighborhood were treated for injuries from flying glass, including Mr. Wilkerson, who had glass fly into his eye. One resident was being treated for a possible heart attack, emergency officials said.

Fort Worth authorities cordoned off the area to keep onlookers away and allow emergency workers and Red Cross volunteers to do their jobs.

The other hardest-hit area of Fort Worth was in the Handley neighborhood, where 10 young children were inside the day care at Handley United Methodist Church when the storm hit.

Workers rushed them to safety, away from windows, and no one was injured. The church sustained major damage, including losing a portion of the roof.

Bob Whitt, chairman of the Forest Avenue church’s board, said it is too early to say what the 300-member congregation will do about Sunday services.

“This is a faithful congregation. This is a resilient church,” said Jim Porter, district superintendent for the United Methodist Church in Fort Worth. “These are folks who can handle a situation like this and handle it faithfully. They are so thankful the children were not hurt.”

Within hours of the storm, the community was responding to the need. A Fort Worth lumber company donated plywood to board up the church’s buildings. Members of other Tarrant County Methodist churches were clearing debris by nightfall.

The church is celebrating its 125th anniversary this year.

“We will rebuild,” Mr. Whitt said.

Not far away, Dale Hennington was shopping for auto parts at High Standard Manufacturing Machine Shop on South Handley Drive when he and other customers noticed the high winds outside. Then the winds blew open the store doors.

“I tried to shut the door, but I couldn’t,” he said.

The wind blew items from the shelves, he said.

“I ducked under a table, and the roof just came off,” Mr. Hennington said.

Roofs or parts of roofs blew off or caved in at businesses on South Handley. At Harrison Carpets, a tree fell into the roof, leaving huge rolls of carpet strewn outside the building.

Mike Harrison, co-owner of the business, said he and his employees were not there when the twister hit.

“Fortunately, we were all gone,” he said as he stood outside the business late Tuesday, looking at the damaged roof. “This is pretty much a total loss. We’re kind of in shock.”

The Red Cross opened a shelter at the Handley-Meadowbrook Community Center, 6201 Beaty St. By 10 p.m., about half a dozen people had visited the shelter, mostly to get food. Nurses were on hand to deal with any prescriptions lost in the storm, and mental-health counselors were available.

“We’ll have a better damage assessment at sunrise, and tomorrow, we’ll start working with them on long-term plans,” said Anita Foster, a spokeswoman for the Tarrant County chapter of the American Red Cross.

Fort Worth Mayor Pro Tem Ralph McCloud, who visited the shelter Tuesday night, said, “It seems to have impacted a lot of private homes and small businesses, but there doesn’t appear to be any loss of life and we’re grateful for that.”

A tornado was also reported at the Bonaventure Mobile Home Park on Forest Hill Drive. About 20 mobile homes were damaged, Fort Worth police said, with no injuries reported.

The storm was at least partly to blame for a 53-vehicle pileup about 6 p.m. on Interstate 30. Four people went to area hospitals with minor back and neck injuries after a tractor-trailer lost control on the slick pavement, slammed into the guardrail and ricocheted across several lanes, police said.

The highway remained closed for hours because the truck, which crashed between the Bryant-Irvin and Green Oaks exits, spilled fuel on the roadway.

“I’m banged up a little bit, but mostly it’s my pride,” said the truck’s driver, Doug Manning.

Meteorologists with the National Weather Service said they plan a ground survey of the area.

“We are not sure if that is the same tornado or a different tornado that created constant damage across southeast Fort Worth,” meteorologist Gary Woodall said.

TXU reported only scattered power outages, with the largest group of 2,000 customers in southwestern Fort Worth. A spokeswoman for SBC/Southwestern Bell reported no major trouble spots.

Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport and Love Field closed down during the storm. The FAA evacuated two of its air traffic control towers at D/FW, and delayed and canceled flights left hundreds stranded in the terminals. Passengers were shepherded into stairwells to get them away from windows. Love Field officials moved about 200 people into a basement. Both airports reopened soon after the storm passed.

D/FW reported 1.71 inches of rain, with 1.65 of that amount falling between 6 and 7 p.m., the National Weather Service said.

Waylon Hawkins, who lives on Haynie Street, not far north of Ramey, was in his home with three children when he said a tornado touched down in his back yard.

“I had my three kids in the hallway. I was watching out front and it was circling,” he said. “It sounded like a train coming.”

It wasn’t the first time the family huddled through a storm.

“I had all my kids in the same spot at the same time last time” during the March 2000 tornado, he said.

This time, their home sustained several thousand dollars in damage.

Dena McDonald was in her house on Ramey when she heard tornado sirens, she said.

“Something just told me to get out,” she said.

Ms. McDonald ran to a neighbor’s house, shut herself in a bathroom and started praying. The twister ripped half the roof off her home. She was uninjured.

Willie Williams was “hiding in the living room behind the couch” with his brother and two neighbors. The tornado ripped his fence and blew out windows in his house. From his safe spot, he could see the winds lift his van off the ground. It landed in his driveway.

“This is the first tornado that I have seen, and hopefully the last,” he said.

Staff writers Joshua Benton, Tiara M. Ellis, Holly Warren, Jason
Trahan, Staishy Bostick Siem, Michael A. Lindenberger, Herb Booth,
Jaime Jordan, Debra Dennis and Jennifer Packer contributed to this
report.

2 cities to ease alcohol rules; Voters in Frisco, Corinth OK measures; Fairview doesn’t

By Joshua Benton
Staff Writer

Page 33A

Voters in two fast-growing cities north of Dallas decided to loosen restrictions on alcohol sales Saturday, while a town slightly farther from the area’s suburban growth rejected a similar proposition.

Such measures have become increasingly common in area suburbs as newcomers push to change alcohol restrictions, which can vary from town to town or block to block.

In 1990, the three communities – Frisco and Corinth, which approved their ballot measures, and Fairview, which did not – were home to only 11,639 people among them. Since then, the influx of new residents has driven that total to more than 58,000. The North Central Texas Council of Governments projects the population will increase to 158,950 by 2025.

Frisco, the second-fastest-growing city of its size in the United States, approved two ballot issues. The first, which would allow the purchase of beer and wine to go, passed easily. The second, which would allow restaurants to sell liquor by the drink without requiring private club memberships, also passed.

“We knew the majority of people in Frisco wanted this,” said Janet McBride, treasurer of the Frisco Association of Concerned Taxpayers. “As we grow, more and more people have been asking about it.”

“People have been led to believe that there will be a lot of money coming into Frisco if this passes” because of increased business activity, said Andy Modawell, president of the Frisco Ministerial Alliance. “They’re not looking at the crime and increased costs that come with alcohol.”

Until the Legislature changed the law last session, Frisco had been unable to vote to loosen alcohol restrictions because its boundaries extend into two counties.

In Corinth, voters overwhelmingly approved a measure that will allow beer and wine sales in stores.

“We expected to win,” said Ben Pinnell, a developer who organized the campaign for the ballot measure. “We didn’t expect a total landslide.”

Proponents such as Mr. Pinnell had argued that making the city “damp” would help attract businesses, such as a Tom Thumb grocery, and help businesses remain competitive.

For example, a Corinth Albertson’s is not allowed to sell beer or wine, while a Wal-Mart across the street from it is, because it lies within the boundaries of Hickory Creek.

Fairview, the smallest of the three communities, has grown along with the boom in Collin County, transforming from a farm town (population 175 in 1960) to a bedroom community for commuters to Plano or McKinney. But its growth has been slower than Frisco’s or Corinth’s, and town council member Scott Evans said residents aren’t interested in making the dry-to-wet shift that many growing
suburban communities have.

The proposition on Saturday’s ballot would have allowed packaged beer, wine and liquor sales. It was defeated 3-to-1.

“There’s a sentiment of the town that the commercial district shouldn’t have this sort of activity,” he said. “We have a vision for that area, and it’s not liquor stores.”

Greg Smith, the Fairview resident who backed the proposition, said voters overreacted to opposition from the town’s elected officials, most of whom opposed the measure.

“If people sit back and realize that there isn’t much to this issue, it would have turned out better,” he said.

The high voter interest shows the level of opposition to the issue, Mr. Evans said. The town has only about 2,900 residents, but more than 1,200 voted.

“That’s an amazing turnout for a town our size,” he said.

30 Kennedy prints are on display

Forty thousand negatives taken by John F. Kennedy’s personal photographer were probably destroyed in the World Trade Center. But 30 prints taken from them are on display at The Sixth Floor Museum.

Jacques Lowe followed JFK from his days as a senator through his brief presidency. His negatives, valued at $2 million, were stored in a heavily damaged vault in New York. Searchers continue to look for them but with little hope.

The 30 photos, part of an exhibit on Jackie Kennedy, are in the breezeway connecting the visitors center to neighboring Dallas County administrative offices. They can be seen without a ticket.

Joshua Benton

Rare heart-lung transplant may give woman new life; Operation is 2nd done at UT Southwestern

By Joshua Benton
Staff Writer
Page 36A

After surgeons filled the gaping cavity of Susan Gunia’s chest with someone else’s heart and someone else’s lungs, one of them noticed something different about her:

“For all the time I’ve known Susan, this is the first time she’s not been blue.”

Blue as in lips the color of a fresh bruise. Ms. Gunia was born with a hole in her heart and, for 37 years, she’d had a sky-blue tint to prove it.

The hole in her heart forced too much blood into the chamber that leads to her lungs, which put too much pressure on her pulmonary system and delivered blood with too little oxygen to the rest of her body.

Since the time she collapsed singing a song in the first grade, she had fainting spells. For 13 years she’d been tethered to an oxygen tank.

Now the tank sits unused in her East Tawakoni home. On Monday night, Ms. Gunia received a new heart and two new lungs from a donor who is unknown to her.

“I told her that even if something eventually goes wrong, getting the transplant was the right decision,” said her father, Charlie Gunia. “Because then at least she would get to know what it feels like to have normal capabilities. She said, ‘Yes, it sure feels great.'”

Dr. Michael DiMaio, one of her surgeons, said that this was the second operation of its type performed at the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas. Only about 40 are performed each year in the United States.

Multiple-organ transplants are much more complex than single-organ ones, primarily because the odds of a body rejecting an organ are much higher.

Ms. Gunia was born in a small town in northern France, where her father was stationed in the Air Force.

Mr. Gunia and his wife, Dorothy, did what they could, moving to lower altitudes to make their daughter’s breathing easier. But as her condition worsened, the blackouts became more common.

“If she got out of bed and walked to the kitchen, she had to sit down in a chair to rest,” her father said.

She got onto a waiting list for organs about three years ago.

“The call came about 20 till 4 Monday morning,” Mr. Gunia said. “They said they had organs, and how soon could we bring her in?”

The organ-harvesting team went to work on the donor, and the surgeons were ready about 7 p.m. Monday.

“It looks amazing: a completely empty chest cavity,” Dr. DiMaio said. “There’s nothing in there. The new lungs look like a butterfly, with a heart in the middle.”

Dr. DiMaio said Ms. Gunia should be able to lead something approaching a normal life, assuming her body doesn’t reject the organs.

“There were three things she said she wanted to do” after getting her new organs, her father said. “She wants to take a college course on Spanish. She wants to go to Disney [World], to Epcot Center. And she wants to go to France and see where she was born.

“She can do all those things now,” he said. “She’s very pink, very rosy. You can tell she’s very alive.”